Ayurvedic treatment for Dislocated bone

Dislocated bone

Know More on Bone Diseases

  • Definition
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • FAQS
  • References

Definition

Dislocated bone Ayurvedic treatment

WHAT IS DISLOCATED BONE?

A joint is a place where two or more bones meet. They are held together through many ligaments and muscles – that strengthen the joint and help in movements. Dislocation is the separation of any bone at the joint or from its place in the body. This leads to a temporary but painful condition which needs prompt medical treatment.1

In Ayurvedic texts, the first mention of fractures and their management was in the Sushruta Samhita.

According to Ayurveda, compromises in bone movements can be caused due to various injuries including by slip/fall, pressure on joints, excessive movements, animal bites, striking, etc. When these compromises in bone movements lead to fractures (asthi bhagna); the type of fracture that occurs in the joints is called as sandhimukta. Dislocation of bones, is therefore, a type of fracture and is managed accordingly.2

Ayurveda describes 6 types of bone dislocations. These are3

  1. Utpista - A dislocation due to fracture
  2. Vislista -  tear in ligament causing dislocation
  3. Vivartita - A dislocation in the bone of the arm
  4. Avakshipta - Displacement of the humerus head (Arm bone)
  5. Atikshipta - Displacement of two articular surfaces of bones
  6. Tiryakshipta – An oblique/slanting dislocation  

 

Causes

Dislocated bone

DISLOCATED BONE CAUSES

Dislocations are usually caused due to a trauma or as a sports injury. Falls associated with contact sports such as football, basketball, etc can lead to a dislocation.1

Additionally, a fall on the outstretched hand and trauma due to a motor accident, too, can cause dislocation.1

Symptoms

Dislocated bone

DISLOCATED BONE SYMPTOMS

A bone that is dislocated will show these common symptoms at the site of dislocation:1

  • A deformity of the body part
  • Severe swelling or discoloration
  • Severe pain
  • Immobility

Diagnosis

Dislocated bone

DISLOCATED BONE DIAGNOSIS

Your doctor will initially take a physical examination of your dislocation and look at your symptoms to confirm your condition. Your doctor may then order some additional tests that include:

  • X-Ray – to detect the exact location of your joint dislocation and find out whether there are any bones broken or there has been some other damage to your joints
  • MRI scan – common imaging technique that takes multiple images of the soft tissues around your dislocated joint to find out how bad the injury is

Management

Dislocated bone

DISLOCATED BONE AYURVEDIC TREATMENT

To fix a dislocated bone, your doctor may recommend a few treatment options depending on where your injury has occurred and how severe your bone condition is. These include:

  • Reduction – an attempt to bring your bones back to normal position using physical force. Your doctor may give you an anesthetic to ensure this process is not very painful
  • Immobilization – process of holding your bone or joint in place using a cast, splint or brace. Based on your injury, your doctor will decide how long the immobilization stays on you
  • Surgery – If the other two processes fail, your doctor will recommend a surgery to correct the position of your bone. This is quite common in shoulder dislocations
  • Rehabilitation – Gradual physiotherapy and other programs to help you restore the motion and range of motion of your joint

Ayurveda also believes in manual manipulation to adjust bones to their proper positions and then apply bandages in some form to mobilize them.

Additionally, Ayurveda also recommends a combination of healthy diet (ahar) and lifestyle changes (vihar) in order to manage the condition effectively. These include:

Diet Recommendations (Aahar)

  • Consume diet rich in Calcium and Vitamin C for early recovery
  • Should be provided with foods that do not cause heartburn and food prepared from flour grains.
  • Increase protein intake in your diet with foods such as milk, eggs, chicken soup, fish, lentils, curd, paneer, etc to help retain muscle and cause early bone recovery
  • Increase intake of vata-decreasing foods such as
    • Rice
    • Ghee
    • Boiled milk
  • Good Ayurvedic Herbs for you (to be eaten with ghee or used as an external plaster): Manjishtha, red sandalwood, shatavari, flaxseed, horsetail, Solomon’s seal, and comfrey
  • Avoid certain foods in your diet, such as
    • Carbonated drinks
    • Packaged foods
    • Junk food
    •  salt
    • Spicy foods
    • Acidic, pungent and alkaline foods
    • Oily foods

Lifestyle changes (Vihar)

  • Take adequate rest to ensure quick healing of bones
  • For bandaging and washing, use tree barks of herbs of nyagrodhadi group. Avoid putting pressure on the injured part
  • Do regular cold washes, apply plasters and do gentle oil massages

FAQS

Dislocated bone
  1. What is Osteoarthritis? How is it caused?

Osteoarthritis refers to a type of bone and joint problem in which a person suffering from it will have pains in joints. This happens due to the wearing down of the protective cartilage on the bones due to age or other factors. While any joint in the body can have osteoarthritis, usually it happens commonly in the joints of knees, hips, spinal column and hands.

Osteoarthritis is caused due to damage of the cartilages of the ends of the bones. This damage generally occurs due to multiple factors primarily being increasing age. Apart for age, the other factors that cause the damage to cartilage are Obesity, female gender and trauma to the joint.

  1. What is Rheumatoid arthritis? How is it different from osteoarthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refers to an auto immune disorder where the body’s defense systems turn against the body and mainly affect the joints but may also severely affect the eyes, skin, lungs, heart and blood vessels. It generally manifests as pain in the joints along with swelling and difficulty in movements.

Unlike osteoarthritis which affects the weight bearing joints, RA affects any and most joints of the body. It generally presents with swelling (hot swollen joints) as a cardinal feature and also shows some systemic manifestations (such as affects the eyes, skin, lungs, heart etc) unlike OA.

  1. What is osteoporosis? How is it recognized?

Osteoporosis refers to the condition where the bone becomes weak. Instead of the strong tissue that support the body structure, bones become brittle from inside and are capable of breaking with a minor jerk or fall. This leads to fractures in the hands, hips and legs with minor falls or injuries.

It can be recognized based on specific signs and symptoms and a BMD test. Symptoms are as follows -

  • Easily having a bone fracture
  • Pain in the back
  • Height becomes lesser than usual
  • A dropping posture
  1. What first aid should I offer to a person with a fracture?

If you witness a person developing fracture, take these actions immediately -

  • Urgently call for medical help or arrange for an ambulance
  • Stop any bleeding if there is an open wound. This can be done by applying pressure with a clean cloth or tight bandaging.
  • Avoid moving the injured area.
  • Apply ice packs to the injured part
  • If the person faints of is short of breath, put their head at a lower side and legs at a higher angle
  1. How does one know if a child has rickets?

The signs and symptoms of rickets are as follows –

  • Crooked or bow shaped legs
  • Thick joints of hands and feet
  • Protruded chest bone
  • A delay in growth milestones
  • Muscular weakness
  1. How does one have a dislocated joint?

Dislocations are usually caused due to a trauma or as a sports injury. Falls associated with contact sports such as football, basketball etc can lead to a dislocation.

Additionally, a fall on the outstretched hand and trauma due to a motor accident, too can cause dislocation.

  1. What is a Tennis elbow? How is it caused?

Tennis elbow refers to the pain in elbow due to swelling of the tendons which may occur due to repetitive movements of the wrists. Unlike the name suggests, the condition affects non-athletes as well.

It is caused due to overuse of the tendons resulting in a muscle strain injury. Any activity that requires repeated motions of the elbow and wrists can cause tiny injuries in the tendons leading to tennis elbow.

  1. What is frozen shoulder and how is it caused?

Frozen shoulder refers to a condition where the shoulder seems to be frozen in its movements. This condition cause pain and stiffness in the shoulder and restricts any kinds of movements. Medically, this condition in also known as adhesive capsulitis.

While the exact cause of frozen shoulder is not understood, it is believed to be caused due to a swelling of the joints covering called as capsule. This may happen due to long periods of immobility or trauma to the underlying nerve.

  1. How does a hip get fractured?

Generally hip fractures can be caused because of a trauma due to accident, falls, injuries or rarely violence. Hip fracture is very common in the elderly as it often happens due to a fall from height or sometimes even with twisting of the foot in people with weak bones. Younger people often have hip fracture as an outcome of a motor vehicle accident.

  1. What is meant by slipped disc?

A slipped disc refers to the swelling in the cushion between two bones, most commonly the vertebra (individual bones of the spine). This cushion is supposed to provide mobility and flexibility to the spine. This cushion between the vertebra is called as a disc and is filed with a gel like substance that provides the flexibility.

Slipped disc is the swelling of this disc which causes pain and obstructs mobility of the spine. A swelling in the cushion leads to some of the gel in the disc to protrude out between the bones.

References

Dislocated bone
  1. Mayo Clinic. Dislocation. Available at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dislocation/basics/definition/con-20022264 accessed Sept 20th 2016.
  2. Yogitha B et al. Fractures: Ayurvedic and Modern perspectives. IJRAP. 2012; 3(2): 141-49
  3. Toshikhane HD et al. Fracture Management in Traditional Indian Medicine. Pacific J Sci Tech. 2009; 10(1):342-344
  4. Swami Sadashiva Tirtha. The Ayurveda Encyclopaedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention and longetivity. 2005

Disclaimer: The information on this page is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Do not use this information to diagnose or ayurvedic treatment of bone-diseases and/or dislocated bone without consulting the doctor. Consult your physician before beginning an exercise regime. "While we have products /ayurvedic medicines for bone-diseases and/or dislocated bone, you must consult an authorized physician before taking any of the products. For more information on products, visit www.dabur.com or call 1800-103-1644"