Ayurvedic treatment for Hip pain

Hip pain

Know More on Bone Diseases

  • Definition
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • FAQS
  • References

Definition

Hip pain Ayurvedic treatment

Pain in either the hip joint or in an around the pelvic region that contains the hip joint is called hip pain. At times, it can also be a referred pain due to some infections in other parts of the body such as the lower back, which gets extended to the hips.1

According to Ayurveda, hip pain can be a symptom of kati shool (Pain in the lumbar/hip region).  It is primarily caused by vitiation of Vata Dosha.2

Causes

Hip pain

Hip pain can be caused due to multiple reasons. These include:1

  • Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis of the hip joints- most common cause
  • Pelvic infections
  • Injuries like Dislocation, Hip fracture, Tendinitis
  • Certain cancers
  • Conditions like avascular necrosis (bone tissue death due to lack of blood supply)

Symptoms

Hip pain

Pain in the hip itself is a primary symptom to other more serious conditions. Additionally, along with hip pain, if the following symptoms are noticed, prompt medical attention should be taken:1

  • Deformity in the joint
  • Unable to move the joint
  • Sudden swelling in the hip region

Intense pain

Diagnosis

Hip pain

Since hip pain in itself is a symptom1, it is important to understand the underlying cause behind it. For this, your doctor will initially perform a physical examination and ask you certain questions related to your pain. Your doctor may additionally request you to perform some tests to confirm the diagnosis. These include:4

  • Blood tests - To test for any signs of infection
  • X- Rays - to confirm hip pain and rule out other causes of the pain
  • MRI scan – common imaging technique that takes multiple images of the soft tissues around your hip bone to find out the cause of the pain
  • Ultrasound – Imaging technique that uses sound waves to check your hip area

Management

Hip pain

Treatment of hip pain requires managing the symptoms of the pain and treating its underlying cause.

Ayurveda recommends a general line of treatment for all pains related to Vata dosha. These include:

  • Snehana (oleation) – administering ghee, herbal oil, animal fat or bone marrow to expel the imbalanced dosha out of the body
  • Swedana (fomentation) – application of hot, moist substances to heal pain

Additionally, Ayurveda also recommends a combination of healthy diet (ahar) and lifestyle changes (vihar) in order to manage hip pain effectively. These include:

Diet Recommendations (Aahar)

  • Consume diet that helps strengthen your joints and bones. Some foods include eggs, chicken soup, meat, fish, lentils, paneer, curd, milk, etc
  • Increase intake of healthy foods such as nuts and seeds
  • Avoid carbonated drinks, packaged foods and junk food

Lifestyle changes (Vihar)

  • Avoid putting pressure on the injured hip
  • Give adequate rest to your body, especially your hips
  • Use an ice pack to give relief to your hip from pain and swelling. Hold the ice pack in the affected area for about 15 minutes a couple of times a day
  • If you also have arthritis, exercising the hip joint with low impact exercise, stretching exercises and do resistance training as they will help reduce pain and improve joint mobility
  • Physiotherapy under expert guidance may also be beneficial

FAQS

Hip pain
  1. What is Osteoarthritis? How is it caused?

Osteoarthritis refers to a type of bone and joint problem in which a person suffering from it will have pains in joints. This happens due to the wearing down of the protective cartilage on the bones due to age or other factors. While any joint in the body can have osteoarthritis, usually it happens commonly in the joints of knees, hips, spinal column and hands.

Osteoarthritis is caused due to damage of the cartilages of the ends of the bones. This damage generally occurs due to multiple factors primarily being increasing age. Apart for age, the other factors that cause the damage to cartilage are Obesity, female gender and trauma to the joint.

  1. What is Rheumatoid arthritis? How is it different from osteoarthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refers to an auto immune disorder where the body’s defense systems turn against the body and mainly affect the joints but may also severely affect the eyes, skin, lungs, heart and blood vessels. It generally manifests as pain in the joints along with swelling and difficulty in movements.

Unlike osteoarthritis which affects the weight bearing joints, RA affects any and most joints of the body. It generally presents with swelling (hot swollen joints) as a cardinal feature and also shows some systemic manifestations (such as affects the eyes, skin, lungs, heart etc) unlike OA.

  1. What is osteoporosis? How is it recognized?

Osteoporosis refers to the condition where the bone becomes weak. Instead of the strong tissue that support the body structure, bones become brittle from inside and are capable of breaking with a minor jerk or fall. This leads to fractures in the hands, hips and legs with minor falls or injuries.

It can be recognized based on specific signs and symptoms and a BMD test. Symptoms are as follows -

  • Easily having a bone fracture
  • Pain in the back
  • Height becomes lesser than usual
  • A dropping posture
  1. What first aid should I offer to a person with a fracture?

If you witness a person developing fracture, take these actions immediately -

  • Urgently call for medical help or arrange for an ambulance
  • Stop any bleeding if there is an open wound. This can be done by applying pressure with a clean cloth or tight bandaging.
  • Avoid moving the injured area.
  • Apply ice packs to the injured part
  • If the person faints of is short of breath, put their head at a lower side and legs at a higher angle
  1. How does one know if a child has rickets?

The signs and symptoms of rickets are as follows –

  • Crooked or bow shaped legs
  • Thick joints of hands and feet
  • Protruded chest bone
  • A delay in growth milestones
  • Muscular weakness
  1. How does one have a dislocated joint?

Dislocations are usually caused due to a trauma or as a sports injury. Falls associated with contact sports such as football, basketball etc can lead to a dislocation.

Additionally, a fall on the outstretched hand and trauma due to a motor accident, too can cause dislocation.

  1. What is a Tennis elbow? How is it caused?

Tennis elbow refers to the pain in elbow due to swelling of the tendons which may occur due to repetitive movements of the wrists. Unlike the name suggests, the condition affects non-athletes as well.

It is caused due to overuse of the tendons resulting in a muscle strain injury. Any activity that requires repeated motions of the elbow and wrists can cause tiny injuries in the tendons leading to tennis elbow.

  1. What is frozen shoulder and how is it caused?

Frozen shoulder refers to a condition where the shoulder seems to be frozen in its movements. This condition cause pain and stiffness in the shoulder and restricts any kinds of movements. Medically, this condition in also known as adhesive capsulitis.

While the exact cause of frozen shoulder is not understood, it is believed to be caused due to a swelling of the joints covering called as capsule. This may happen due to long periods of immobility or trauma to the underlying nerve.

  1. How does a hip get fractured?

Generally hip fractures can be caused because of a trauma due to accident, falls, injuries or rarely violence. Hip fracture is very common in the elderly as it often happens due to a fall from height or sometimes even with twisting of the foot in people with weak bones. Younger people often have hip fracture as an outcome of a motor vehicle accident.

  1. What is meant by slipped disc?

A slipped disc refers to the swelling in the cushion between two bones, most commonly the vertebra (individual bones of the spine). This cushion is supposed to provide mobility and flexibility to the spine. This cushion between the vertebra is called as a disc and is filed with a gel like substance that provides the flexibility.

Slipped disc is the swelling of this disc which causes pain and obstructs mobility of the spine. A swelling in the cushion leads to some of the gel in the disc to protrude out between the bones.

References

Hip pain
  1. Mayo clinic. Hip Pain. Available at http://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/hip-pain/basics/definition/sym-20050684 accessed Sept 20th 2016
  2. Ediriweera ERHSS et al. Efficacy of traditional treatment regimen on Kati Shoola with special reference to lumbar spondylolisthesis. Ayu. 2013 Jan-Mar; 34(1): 86–89.
  3. Hip pain: causes and treatment. Web MD. Available at http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/hip-pain-causes-and-treatment  accessed Sept 21st 2016
  4. EMedicine health. What Tests Do Health-Care Professionals Use to Diagnose Hip Pain? Available at http://www.emedicinehealth.com/hip_pain/page6_em.htm#what_tests_do_health-care_professionals_use_to_diagnose_hip_pain accessed Sept 21st 2016

Disclaimer: The information on this page is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Do not use this information to diagnose or ayurvedic treatment of bone-diseases and/or hip pain without consulting the doctor. Consult your physician before beginning an exercise regime. "While we have products /ayurvedic medicines for bone-diseases and/or hip pain, you must consult an authorized physician before taking any of the products. For more information on products, visit www.dabur.com or call 1800-103-1644"