Ayurvedic treatment for Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis

Know More on ENT(Ear Nose Throat)

  • Definition
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • FAQS
  • References

Definition

Allergic rhinitis Ayurvedic treatment

WHAT IS ALLERGIC RHINITIS?

Allergic rhinitis is an immune response given by body when it comes in contact with certain allergens (things causing allergy in a person). It simply means that immune system is overreacting to certain allergy causing substances such as pollen, dust mites, skin and saliva of furry animals such as cats, dogs, etc. Around 10 to 30 percent of population in the world may suffer from this condition.1-4

llergic disorders in Ayurveda are widely elaborated under the concepts of Ama, Asatmya & viruddha aahara. Impaired digestion and metabolism causes Ama. It leads to the manifestation of Pratishyaya by affecting Rasa and Rakta Dhatu. Allergy is usually caused by using wrong food combinations (Virudh aahar) having opposite properties like fish with milk, fruit juice with milk, clarified butter with honey, ice cream after night meals, etc.5-6

Causes

Allergic rhinitis

ALLERGIC RHINITIS CAUSES

Your body releases histamine when it comes in contact with an allergen. Histamine is a natural chemical that guards your body from the allergen. This chemical is responsible for the symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis, including a runny nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes.4

Other common causes in addition to pollen, include:4

  • Grass
  • Dust
  • Animal skin
  • Cat saliva
  • Mould

Some external factors that can trigger or aggravate this condition, include:4

  • Dampness
  • Cold temperature
  • air pollution
  • chemicals in Hairspray/perfumes/colognes
  • Wood smoke
  • Fumes
  • Smoking

Symptoms

Allergic rhinitis

ALLERGIC RHINITIS SYMPTOMS

Some of the common symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis include:4

  • Sneezing
  • A runny, itchy and a stuffy nose
  • Coughing
  • Soreness or scratching of the throat
  • Itchy and watery eyes
  • Under eye dark circles
  • Headaches
  • Symptoms similar to eczema, such as having extremely dry, itchy skin that often blisters
  • Hives
  • Excessive fatigue

Diagnosis

Allergic rhinitis

ALLERGIC RHINITIS DIAGNOSIS

Doctors usually diagnose allergic rhinitis just by examining you and asking certain questions regarding your symptoms, activities, and home environment. Your doctor may decide to treat your symptoms without doing tests if he or she thinks that you have allergic rhinitis, without any complications. The doctor may check your symptoms again later. If complicated, he may also ask you to do some blood tests/allergy tests to find the allergan causing this condition.2

Management

Allergic rhinitis

ALLERGIC RHINITIS AYURVEDIC TREATMENT

Allergic Rhinitis are among the commonest diseases affecting mankind. Recurrence occurs only when the responsible dosha have not been eradicated completely. These doshas exist in in the body in their dormant stage and may give rise to same disease again when they are exposed to the aggravating factors. The Ayurvedic management of Allergic Rhinitis recommends avoidance of allergens causing reaction (Nandan Parivarjan), detoxification (Shodhan), pacification (Shaman) & rejuvenation (Rasayana) therapies.5

Diet Recommendations (Aahar)

  • Prefer light food, lukewarm water, Kapha nashaka foods like little spicy food, saindhav salt, legumes, soups etc.
  • Avoid heavy food, fermented food, congestive food, food that is too hot or too cold, soar food, non-vegetarian food, banana, yellow grams, etc.
  • Avoid sweets, ice-creams, cakes and desserts
  • Avoid yogurt and curds
  • Avoid Alcohol and cold beverages

Lifestyle changes (Vihar)

  • Keeping two pieces of either cloves or black peppers immediately in the mouth may help in case of attack
  • Rubbing nilgiri oil, mint oil, or pain balm on chest helps prevent the triggering of attack
  • Stay away from causes that are responsible for causing irritation
  • Use mask while going through public places
  • Always prefer warm water baths
  • Avoid exposure to hot sunrays
  • Regular inhalation of steam soothes the symptoms of congestion
  • Go for morning walk in warm weather
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid residing in dark or dump places. Get fresh air
  • Avoid daytime sleeping or immediately after dinner
  • Get sufficient rest

FAQS

Allergic rhinitis
  1. What is allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis is inflammation of the lining of the nose in response to an immune response given by body when it comes in contact with certain allergens (things causing allergy in a person). It simply means that immune system is overreacting to certain allergy causing substances such as pollen, dust mites, skin and saliva of furry animals such as cats, dogs, etc. Around 10 to 30 percent of population in the world may suffer from this condition. Allergic disorders in Ayurveda are widely elaborated under the concepts of Ama, Asatmya ahara vihar, Anurjta and viruddha aahara. Impaired digestion and metabolism causes Ama. It leads to the manifestation of Rhinitis or Pratishyaya by affecting Rasa and Rakta Dhatu.

  1. What causes allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis happens when your body releases histamine after coming in contact with an allergen. Histamine is a natural chemical that guards your body from the allergen. This chemical is responsible for the symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis, including a runny nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes.

Other common causes in addition to pollen, include

  • Grass
  • Dust
  • Animal skin
  • Mites
  • Moulds

Some external factors that can trigger or aggravate this condition, include:

  • Dampness
  • Cold temperature
  • air pollution
  • chemicals in Hairspray/perfumes/colognes
  • Wood smoke
  • Fumes
  • Smoking
  1. What diet changes I can do to avoid ear infection in my child?

Here are few diet tips to avoid ear infection in your child:

Since ear problems are associated with an imbalance in the kapha dosha, a diet that does not vitiate the kapha dosha, should be followed. The following dietary guidelines must be followed: -

  1. Sour foods must be avoided as it impairs the kapha dosha. These include sour fruits and curds.
  2. Fruits like bananas, watermelons, oranges, papayas and cucumbers must be avoided since the increase the risk common cold. This would aggravate the ear problem. All refrigerated foods must also be avoided for the same reason.
  3. Onion, ginger and garlic should be preferred during ear problems.
  4. Turmeric is also very good remedy for infections, and must be used for spicing the meals
  5. Avoid processed and oily food
  6. Avoid water getting into ear during bath.
  1. What are the causes of nosebleeds?

Nose bleeds can be caused by a number of things, including:

  • Scratching the inside of your nose with a sharp fingernail
  • Forcefully blowing your nose
  • blow to your head, or a fall
  • A minor injury to your nose
  • Presence of cold or flu which causes a blocked or stuffy nose
  • Sinusitis
  • Very dry environment or places that have hot, dry weather
  • Hay fever or other allergies
  • High altitude
  • Abuse of nasal decongestants
  • A crooked nose that's either present from birth or the result of an injury.
  • broken nose
  • Recent nasal surgery
  • Hardened arteries (atherosclerosis)
  • Medicines that cause you to bleed more easily, including aspirin
  1. What can I do to manage or avoid nosebleed?

Here are some tips to manage/avoid nosebleed:

  • Avoid mental pressure and stress.
  • Sound sleep for 7-8 hours is highly recommended.
  • Cold water is one of the best ways to stop nasal bleeding
  • Instillation of lemon juice should be dropped into nostrils provides excellent relief
  • Juice of fresh coriander leaves can be used as nasal drops
  • A cotton bud dipped in rosewater and kept inside the nostrils stops the bleeding
  • Tulsi juice mixed with honey will also help and provide extra strength to the body
  1. My husband snores a lot. What could be the reasons?

Snoring may be caused by a combination of factors which are as follows:

  • Sleeping on the back
  • Being overweight/obese
  • Congestion of the upper respiratory tract
  • Heavy consumption of alcohol in the evening prior to sleep
  • Use of sleeping pills and tranquilizers
  • Inadequate sleep
  • stress
  • Saggy and extra soft mattress
  • A pillow that is too low/high
  • History of smoking
  1. How is snoring treated in Ayurveda?

Ayurveda classifies sleep disorders as Kapha dominant disorders since they are highly associated with obesity as a main symptom, however, Vata and Pitta could have an impact on this disorder. Kapha dosha first accumulates, and aggravates in the digestive system, it then over-flows into the circulatory system, subsequently relocating into the Medas (Medovaha srota), then manifest and diversifies.2  Lekhana and Medohara (fat scraping/ reducing) ahara and vihar and Shodhana therapies may be beneficial.

Ayurveda has a holistic approach in treating different conditions that include a combination of ahar (diet) and vihar (lifestyle regime) recommendations for effective management.

  1. What are few tips to reduce snoring?

Here are few tips to reduce snoring:

  • Maintain a proper diet and exercise well to lose weight
  • Avoid alcohol consumption since it can increase sleep apnea
  • Prefer sleeping on the side (especially the left side as this promotes better digestion)
  • Avoid smoking
  • Ensure that you always get sufficient and a sound sleep
  • Sleep on a firm mattress
  • Use a pillow of an appropriate size and firmness
  • If possible, elevate the head end of the bed if possible
  • Use of nasal spray to relieves nasal congestion
  • Inhale steam with eucalyptus oil
  1. My child frequently gets chest infection, what diet can I give to improve his condition?

Following are the diet tips to improve/better manage chest infection:

  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet as it can help strengthen the immune system, makes you less susceptible to developing chest infections
  • Avoid milk products and other mucous forming foods like ice-cream, cold water, sugar salt refined flour, bread and fruit juices
  • Prefer hot food and drinks since they help in soothing the discomfort associated with cough
  • Preparations containing long pepper and dry ginger are helpful in treating cough
  • Ghee can be used to soothe the throat
  • Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated
  • Prepare a solution of a glass of hot water, half a lemon’s juice squeezed in it and a teaspoon of honey. Drink this mixture sip by sip
  • Avoid excessive consumption of tea, caffeinated and carbonated drinks 
  1. My child has crying spell and pulls his ear sometimes. Is he having ear pain?

The symptoms of ear pain in infants include:

  • Fever and irritability in babies
  • Pulling tugging or rubbing of ears in children
  • Babies do not feed well; loss of appetite in children
  • Sleep problems and restlessness at night
  • Coughing and runny nose

 

References

Allergic rhinitis
  1. Allergic rhinitis. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000813.htm. Accessed on: 6 September 2016.
  2. Allergic Rhinitis. Available at: http://www.webmd.com/allergies/tc/allergic-rhinitis-overview. Accessed on 6 September 2016.
  3. Hay fever. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hay-fever/basics/definition/con-20020827. Accessed on: 6 September 2016.
  4. Allergic Rhinitis. Available at: http://www.healthline.com/health/allergic-rhinitis#Overview1. Accessed on: 6 September 2016.
  5. Chawardol SG, Jain SB. Ayurvedic Line of Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis. International journal of ayurvedic & herbal medicine 4(4) Jul-Aug 2014(1427-1531).
  6. Allergic Rhinitis. Available at: http://easyayurveda.com/2016/03/05/allergic-rhinitis-remedies-ayurvedic-treatment-herbs/. Accessed on: 6 September 2016.

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