Ayurvedic treatment for Gall stones

Gall stones

Know More on Gastro Intestinal diseases

  • Definition
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • FAQS
  • References

Definition

Gall stones Ayurvedic treatment

WHAT IS GALL STONES?

Gallstones refer to the small stones that get formed in the ‘gall bladder’ (a small pouch at the base of the liver, which produces stores and releases bile). These stones are made up of cholesterol and in a majority of cases, they are harmless and generally do not need treatment.1

But, in some people having gallstones, they can develop some complications, such as swelling in the gallbladder (cholecystitis), which can cause severe pain, jaundice and fever1

This condition where gallstones cause symptoms or complications is called as a ‘gallstone disease’ or ‘cholelithiasis’.1

As per the Ayurvedic understanding, gall bladder stores Pitta (bile), hence the organ gall bladder is called as Pittashaya in and the stone formed in it is called as gall bladder stone (Pittashmari).2

Causes

Gall stones

GALL STONES CAUSES

When the levels of cholesterol in bile become very high, the excess cholesterol forms stones causing an imbalance in the chemical composition of bile.1

Although gallstones are very common only a minority of people will develop symptoms of gall stone disease. People at a higher risk of developing symptoms are females, overweight or obese people and those above the age of 40 or over.1

As per Ayurveda, accumulation of kapha dosha and its interaction with with pitta that is already present in the gall bladder (Pittashaya), leads to the formation of a sludge type material, causing obstruction in the passage of vayu.  Due to rukshadi guna of vayu, it converts the sludge (kapha-pitta mixture) into dry & solid form called as Pittashmari (gall stone).2

Symptoms

Gall stones

GALL STONES SYMPTOMS

Generally gall stones are silent and do not cause symptoms. Only once they get impacted or block an opening (duct) inside the gallbladder, can they cause a sudden, intense abdominal pain generally lasting between 1 - 5 hours. This type of abdominal pain is called ‘biliary colic’. Its typical features are severe pain in abdomen or flanks; and pain after meals.1

Diagnosis

Gall stones

GALL STONES DIAGNOSIS

Gallstones are often discovered as a chance finding during tests for some different condition.1

Following imaging tests help in confirming gall stones – 1

  • Ultrasound scan
  • MRI scan
  • CT scan

Management

Gall stones

GALL STONES AYURVEDIC TREATMENT

Diet Recommendations (Aahar)

Avoid foods that imbalance pitta. Some examples are:

  • Spicy foods such as chilies, raw onions, radishes, etc
  • Sour foods like vinegar, green grapes, pineapple, grapefruit and alcohol

Minimize salt intake in foods

Lifestyle changes (Vihar)

Asanas for relief:

  1. Dhanurasana: Helps stretch the abdominal muscles and spine
  2. Bhujangasana (cobra pose): Tones the abdomen & improves blood circulation.

FAQS

Gall stones
  1. What is GERD?

Acid reflux disease - also commonly known as Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is condition in which acid from the stomach regurgitates or moves up into the esophagus (gullet).

  1. How are fissures caused?

An anal fissure may occur when due to passing of hard or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal fissures typically cause pain and bleeding with bowel movements. One may experience spasms in the ring of muscle at the end of the anus (anal sphincter).

  1. Can a fissure heal completely?

With appropriate treatment and following of pathya apathya, a fissure can heal completely. Although care should be taken not to be constipated and have high amount of fiber in food.

  1. What is a kshar karma? How is it different from other surgery

Kshar karma is a specialized Ayurvedic surgical procedure that involves minimal blood loss and provides excellent relief in hemorrhoids and fistulas. It involves the applying of a sclerosing agent, such as apamarg kshar snuhi kshar etc.

It differs from conventional surgery as in it does not require anaesthesia, shows minimal blood loss and need not require inpatient admissions.

  1. What are the risk factors of developing bowel incontinence?

A number of factors can increase the risk of developing fecal incontinence. These include:

  • Age: It is more common in middle-aged and older adults.
  • Female gender: Fecal incontinence is slightly more common in women. One reason may be that fecal incontinence can be a complication of childbirth.
  • Nerve damage: People who have long-standing diabetes or multiple sclerosis — conditions that can damage nerves that help control defecation — may be at risk of fecal incontinence.
  • Dementia: Fecal incontinence is often present in late-stage Alzheimer's disease and dementia.
  • Physical disability: Being physically disabled may make it difficult to reach a toilet in time. An injury that caused a physical disability also may cause rectal nerve damage, leading to fecal incontinence. Also, inactivity can lead to constipation, resulting in fecal incontinence.
  1. What exercises can be done to have better control on the motions?

Certain asanas that help strengthen the pelvic floor (muscles around the anal opening) are recommended for better control over the anorectal area. These are -

Utkatasana                   Virabhadrasana                 Ananda Balasana             Shlabhasana

 

  1. Can celiac disease lead to anything serious?

Untreated, celiac disease can cause the following complications:

  • Malnutrition: The damage to your small intestine means it can't absorb enough nutrients. Malnutrition can lead to anemia and weight loss. In children, malnutrition can cause slow growth and short stature.
  • Calcium loss of calcium and low bone density: Malabsorption of calcium and vitamin D may lead to a softening of the bone (osteomalacia or rickets) in children and a loss of bone density (osteoporosis) in adults.
  • Infertility and miscarriage: Malabsorption of calcium and vitamin D can contribute to reproductive issues.
  • Lactose intolerance: Damage to your small intestine may cause you to experience abdominal pain and diarrhea after eating lactose-containing dairy products, even though they don't contain gluten. Once your intestine has healed, you may be able to tolerate dairy products again. However, some people continue to experience lactose intolerance despite successful management of celiac disease.
  • Cancer: People with celiac disease who don't maintain a gluten-free diet have a greater risk of developing several forms of cancer, including intestinal lymphoma and small bowel cancer.
  • Neurological problems: Some people with celiac disease may develop neurological problems such as seizures or peripheral neuropathy (disease of the nerves that lead to the hands and feet).

In children, celiac disease can also lead to failure to thrive, delayed puberty, weight loss, irritability and dental enamel defects, anemia, arthritis, and epilepsy.

  1. Who gets affected by pancreatitis?

Acute pancreatitis is more common in middle-aged and elderly people, but it can affect people of any age. Men are more likely to develop alcohol-related pancreatitis, while women are more likely to develop it as a result of gallstones.

  1. What are the common causes of developing ulcers in stomach?

Common causes of peptic ulcers include -

  • Long-term use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • An infection with the bacteria Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
  • Rare cancerous and/or noncancerous tumors in the stomach, duodenum, or pancreas

Addtionally, intake of alcohol and smoking also increase the chances of having a gastric ulcer.

  1. What causes hemorrhoids?

Swelling in the anal or rectal veins causes hemorrhoids. Several factors may cause this swelling, including -

  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Sitting on the toilet for long periods of time
  • A lack of fiber in the diet

Another cause of hemorrhoids is the weakening of the connective tissue in the rectum and anus that occurs with age.

Pregnancy can cause hemorrhoids by increasing pressure in the abdomen, which may enlarge the veins in the lower rectum and anus. For most women, hemorrhoids caused by pregnancy disappear after childbirth.

 

References

Gall stones
  1. NHS Choices. Gall stones. Available at http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/gallstones/Pages/Introduction.aspx accessed on Aug 24th 2016
  2. Londhe PD. The Concept of Cholelithiasis as Per Ayurvedic Text. Int J Ayur Med 2016. 7(1): 6-9.

Disclaimer: The information on this page is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Do not use this information to diagnose or ayurvedic treatment of gastro-intestinal-diseases and/or gall stones without consulting the doctor. Consult your physician before beginning an exercise regime. "While we have products /ayurvedic medicines for gastro-intestinal-diseases and/or gall stones, you must consult an authorized physician before taking any of the products. For more information on products, visit www.dabur.com or call 1800-103-1644"