Ayurvedic treatment for Hepatitis

Hepatitis

Know More on Gastro Intestinal diseases

  • Definition
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • FAQS
  • References

Definition

Hepatitis Ayurvedic treatment

Hepatitis refers to swelling of the liver. This swelling can be self-limiting or be an initial stage of the more serious conditions such as fibrosis (scar formation), cirrhosis (liver damage) or even cancer of the liver. The commonest cause of this swelling is due to a set of viruses that attack the liver cells. But, additionally, certain other infections, use of liver toxic substances (e.g. alcohol and drugs), and other diseases are also known to cause hepatitis.1

In Ayurveda, hepatitis is described as a condition called Kamla. Excessive intake of poor food (ahar) and bad lifestyle (vihar), aggravates pitta dosha, leading to development of swelling in different liver cells. This causes a dark yellow coloring of the urine and stool.  Additionally, the aggravated pitta, when it reaches different organs such as eyes, skin, face, nail, urine, etc. it produces yellow coloration of these organs.3

Causes

Hepatitis

The commonest cause of Hepatits is a viral infection. There are major viruses known to cause hepatitis. These are called as ‘Hepatitis viruses’ and further classified into types A, B, C, D and E. Of these, the types B and C affect largest number of people and are the commonest cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer.1 

These viruses spread by contaminated food and water (A and E), contaminated medical instruments (B, C and D) and by sexual contact and mother to child (B).

Symptoms

Hepatitis

Acute viral hepatitis is a short term condition and often may have no noticeable symptoms.2

When symptoms develop, they include the following2:

  • High fever (100.4F or above)
  • Pallor or yellow discoloration of eyes/nails
  • Pain in muscle and joint pain
  • Feeling unusually tired all the time
  • loss of appetite
  • a general sense of feeling unwell
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Dark yellow urine
  • Pale, grey-colored stools
  • itchy skin

Diagnosis

Hepatitis

Diagnosis of viral hepatitis A, B and C, are by symptoms, physical exam, blood tests (especially test to detect liver function), and other studies. Sometimes, imaging studies such as a sonogram or CAT scan and a liver biopsy are also used.3

Management

Hepatitis

Diet Recommendations (Aahar)

Avoid excessive intake of hot, spicy and junk food. [Amla (sour), lavan (salty), katu (spicy), kshar (Alkaline), ushna (hot), tikshna (sharp) rasas (flavors)].

Lifestyle changes (Vihar)

Following should be avoided

  • Coffee, tea
  • Alcohol
  • Excessive exercise
  • Excessive sex
  • Sleeping during day time
  • Holding of natural urges

FAQS

Hepatitis
  1. What is GERD?

Acid reflux disease - also commonly known as Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is condition in which acid from the stomach regurgitates or moves up into the esophagus (gullet).

  1. How are fissures caused?

An anal fissure may occur when due to passing of hard or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal fissures typically cause pain and bleeding with bowel movements. One may experience spasms in the ring of muscle at the end of the anus (anal sphincter).

  1. Can a fissure heal completely?

With appropriate treatment and following of pathya apathya, a fissure can heal completely. Although care should be taken not to be constipated and have high amount of fiber in food.

  1. What is a kshar karma? How is it different from other surgery

Kshar karma is a specialized Ayurvedic surgical procedure that involves minimal blood loss and provides excellent relief in hemorrhoids and fistulas. It involves the applying of a sclerosing agent, such as apamarg kshar snuhi kshar etc.

It differs from conventional surgery as in it does not require anaesthesia, shows minimal blood loss and need not require inpatient admissions.

  1. What are the risk factors of developing bowel incontinence?

A number of factors can increase the risk of developing fecal incontinence. These include:

  • Age: It is more common in middle-aged and older adults.
  • Female gender: Fecal incontinence is slightly more common in women. One reason may be that fecal incontinence can be a complication of childbirth.
  • Nerve damage: People who have long-standing diabetes or multiple sclerosis — conditions that can damage nerves that help control defecation — may be at risk of fecal incontinence.
  • Dementia: Fecal incontinence is often present in late-stage Alzheimer's disease and dementia.
  • Physical disability: Being physically disabled may make it difficult to reach a toilet in time. An injury that caused a physical disability also may cause rectal nerve damage, leading to fecal incontinence. Also, inactivity can lead to constipation, resulting in fecal incontinence.
  1. What exercises can be done to have better control on the motions?

Certain asanas that help strengthen the pelvic floor (muscles around the anal opening) are recommended for better control over the anorectal area. These are -

Utkatasana                   Virabhadrasana                 Ananda Balasana             Shlabhasana

 

  1. Can celiac disease lead to anything serious?

Untreated, celiac disease can cause the following complications:

  • Malnutrition: The damage to your small intestine means it can't absorb enough nutrients. Malnutrition can lead to anemia and weight loss. In children, malnutrition can cause slow growth and short stature.
  • Calcium loss of calcium and low bone density: Malabsorption of calcium and vitamin D may lead to a softening of the bone (osteomalacia or rickets) in children and a loss of bone density (osteoporosis) in adults.
  • Infertility and miscarriage: Malabsorption of calcium and vitamin D can contribute to reproductive issues.
  • Lactose intolerance: Damage to your small intestine may cause you to experience abdominal pain and diarrhea after eating lactose-containing dairy products, even though they don't contain gluten. Once your intestine has healed, you may be able to tolerate dairy products again. However, some people continue to experience lactose intolerance despite successful management of celiac disease.
  • Cancer: People with celiac disease who don't maintain a gluten-free diet have a greater risk of developing several forms of cancer, including intestinal lymphoma and small bowel cancer.
  • Neurological problems: Some people with celiac disease may develop neurological problems such as seizures or peripheral neuropathy (disease of the nerves that lead to the hands and feet).

In children, celiac disease can also lead to failure to thrive, delayed puberty, weight loss, irritability and dental enamel defects, anemia, arthritis, and epilepsy.

  1. Who gets affected by pancreatitis?

Acute pancreatitis is more common in middle-aged and elderly people, but it can affect people of any age. Men are more likely to develop alcohol-related pancreatitis, while women are more likely to develop it as a result of gallstones.

  1. What are the common causes of developing ulcers in stomach?

Common causes of peptic ulcers include -

  • Long-term use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • An infection with the bacteria Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
  • Rare cancerous and/or noncancerous tumors in the stomach, duodenum, or pancreas

Addtionally, intake of alcohol and smoking also increase the chances of having a gastric ulcer.

  1. What causes hemorrhoids?

Swelling in the anal or rectal veins causes hemorrhoids. Several factors may cause this swelling, including -

  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Sitting on the toilet for long periods of time
  • A lack of fiber in the diet

Another cause of hemorrhoids is the weakening of the connective tissue in the rectum and anus that occurs with age.

Pregnancy can cause hemorrhoids by increasing pressure in the abdomen, which may enlarge the veins in the lower rectum and anus. For most women, hemorrhoids caused by pregnancy disappear after childbirth.

 

References

Hepatitis
  1. What is hepatitis? Available at http://www.who.int/features/qa/76/en/ accessed Aug 24th 2016
  2. NHS choices. Hepatitis. Available at http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Hepatitis/Pages/Introduction.aspx accessed on Aug 24th 2016
  3. Understanding hepatitis- diagnosis and treatment. Web MD. Available at http://www.webmd.com/hepatitis/hepa-guide/understanding-hepatitis-treatment accessed Aug 24th 2016
  4. Singh M, Sharma N et al. Conceptual Study Of Kamala (Jaundice). IAMJ. May – June 2013; Vol. 1(3): 1-4

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