Ayurvedic treatment for Kidney dysplasia

Kidney dysplasia

Know More on Kidney Diseases

  • Definition
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • FAQS
  • References

Definition

Kidney dysplasia Ayurvedic treatment

Kidney dysplasia is a condition where the kidneys (either one or both) of a newborn baby do not develop when in the mother’s womb. These newborns having severe kidney dysplasia of both kidneys generally and do not survive after birth. The newborns that do survive may need a kidney transplantation or regular dialysis (life support system to filter out harmful wastes from the body) immediately after birth for life.1

While there is no direct description of this condition in Ayurveda, disorders of development and congenital conditions are covered as Garbhaja vikruti (Congenital disorders). This vikruti (malformation) is based on the concept of Shad-Garbhkarabhavas (six procreative factors) such as Matrija (Maternal), Pitrija (Paternal), Aatmaja (Soul), Rasaja (Nourishment/blood), Satmyaja (Homologusness), and Sattvaja (Psychic). 2

Causes

Kidney dysplasia

The commonest cause of kidney dysplasia is genetic. Due to faulty genes, the development of the fetus is affected resulting in organ development anomalies like dysplasia. Additionally, external factors such as use of drugs (substance abuse with cocaine, etc) and certain medications (for epilepsy, blood pressure, etc) are also known to cause dysplasia in newborns.

Symptoms

Kidney dysplasia

Newborns with just one kidney may show no signs of the condition. In other cases, one of the kidneys may be enlarged at birth, leading to pain.1

 

Diagnosis

Kidney dysplasia

Kidney dysplasia can be diagnosed during pregnancy by ultrasound examination.1 If left undetected during pregnancy, it is usually diagnosed in newborns when they are brought to the doctors with complaints of urinary tract infections. At this stage, your doctor may recommend an ultrasound of the newborn to confirm the diagnosis of kidney dysplasia

Management

Kidney dysplasia

Generally no treatment is needed if one kidney is working fine. Although, regular check-ups for blood pressure and kidney function have to be carried out in order to monitor the condition and ensure that the kidneys are not worsening.1

Pregnant women can prevent kidney dysplasia by avoiding the use of certain prescription medications or illegal drugs during pregnancy. Pregnant women should consult the physician before taking any medication during pregnancy.

Diet Recommendations (Aahar)

Consume easily digestible and light (laghu) foods

Lifestyle changes (Vihar)

Avoid suppressing the urge to urinate

FAQS

Kidney dysplasia
  1. How does stones form in our kidneys?

Many a times, kidney stones will not have a single cause, and there could be several factors that increase its risk. Higher concentration of crystal-forming substances in the urine — such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid can cause crystallization of these salts. Additionally, lack of substances in urine which will prevent crystal formation end up creating the perfect environment for formation of kidney stones.

  1. What is pyelonephritis?

The infection of the kidney is medically termed as pyelonephritis. It is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that usually starts from the lower organs such as the urethra or urinary bladder and gradually moves up to the kidneys. Such infections need immediate medical attention as if left untreated they can cause  permanent damage to the kidneys.

  1. How does CKD develop?

CKD happens due to any secondary condition that impairs the functioning of the kidneys over a period of time. Some of these secondary conditions are-

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Inflammation of kidneys
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Enlarged prostate problems, kidney stones
  • Some cancers
  • Recurrent kidney infection
  1. Do children suffer from kidney disease? How?

Children can get affected with many kidney related diseases. The commonest of these are either an acute kidney disease or chronic long term disease.1 Having a kidney disease can mean treatable disorders without long-term consequences to life-threatening conditions in children. 

As in adults, the causes of kidney disease in children are various secondary conditions of situations, which will impair the functioning of the kidneys over a period of time. Some of these secondary conditions are -

  • Developmental defects of birth
  • Any serious infection
  • Any hereditary condition
  • Any serious major diseases
  • Trauma
  • Blockage of urine
  1. What is acute kidney failure? How is it different form chronic failure?

Acute kidney failure means that the kidneys are unable to filter any waste products from the body and this condition develops rather quickly. Due to the failure of the kidneys to filter blood, dangerous levels of waste accumulates in the body causing severe toxic conditions.Chronic kidney failure on the other hand develops gradually over a few weeks, months or even years.

  1. How does a high BP affect the kidneys?

The condition of having a high blood pressure over a long period of time is known to cause damage to the blood vessels of the kidneys. This damage results in a reduced ability of the kidneys to perform their functions. This is because a high blood pressure requires the blood vessels inside the kidneys to stretch more than usual. Over a period of time the tiny blood vessels of the kidneys start showing scars due to stretching, leading to various kidney diseases. 

  1. What is proteinuria how is it caused?

Proteinuria simply means the presence of ‘protein’ in the urine. This is mostly indicative of poor functioning of the kidneys whereby the proteins are being leaked in to the urine and thrown out of the body. While some amount of protein is found in urine, the quantity increase in kidney damage.

The causes of proteinuria are physiological (meaning temporary), such as after exercise, cold climate, fevers etc; as well as pathological (due to an underlying condition) such as diabetes, kidney tumors, heart disease, liver failure etc.

  1. Why do we have anemia in a kidney disease?

Kidneys perform many important functions apart from filtering he blood. One such vital activity is production of a substance called EPO (Erythropoeitin) which is essential for manufacture of new red blood cells. As the functions of kidneys are hampered in kidney disease, the production of EPO gets affected and results in low RBC production and hence anemia. In advanced stage of kidney disease, where hemodialysis is required, blood loss during hemodialysis also results in anemia.

  1. What is hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis refers to the swelling of a kidney that occurs due to accumulation of urine in them. For some reasons, due to a blockage or obstruction of the ureters, the urine being formed in the kidneys cannot move out and gets retained inside the kidneys leading to swelling of the kidneys. This can happen either in any one or both of the kidneys. 

  1. Why are women more prone to getting a UTI?

Women are more likely than men to get an UTI. This is because of the shorter length or the urethra - that allows infections to travel upwards quickly. Additionally, in women, due to close proximity of the anal opening  and the urethral opening, many GI tract infections (Such as those caused by E. coli) spread to the urinary tract.

References

Kidney dysplasia
  1. Kidney Dysplasia. Available at https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/kidney-disease/kidney-dysplasia/Pages/facts.aspx accessed Sept 12th 2016
  2. Dhiman K et al. Shad Garbhakara Bhavas vis-a-vis congenital and genetic disorders. Ayu. 2010 Apr-Jun; 31(2): 175–184.

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