Ayurvedic treatment for Dehydration in pregnancy

Dehydration in pregnancy

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  • Definition
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • FAQS
  • References

Definition

Dehydration in pregnancy Ayurvedic treatment

WHAT IS DEHYDRATION IN PREGNANCY?

Dehydration means loss of fluids and water. It can be a very problematic condition during pregnancy. The baby remains in the amniotic fluid (fluid in which baby grows in the womb). Dehydration in the mother for a long time may lead to deprivation of the baby of essential fluids/nutrients. Dehydration, particularly severe cases can be very dangerous for the mother.

Causes

Dehydration in pregnancy

DEHYDRATION IN PREGNANCY CAUSES

Dehydration occurs when the body is losing water more quickly than one can take it and other fluids in. The result is that the body struggles to go about normal functions. Water is used to form the placenta, which passes nutrients to the baby in the womb. If there is dehydration several problems can occur in the baby including –

  • Low amniotic fluid
  • Premature labour
  • Poor production of breast milk
  • Damage to the spine and neural tube development of the baby
  • Birth defects

Some of the common causes of dehydration in pregnancy include –

  • Excessive vomiting during the first trimester of pregnancy. Vomiting can lead to a lack of fluids and electrolytes, plus the loss of stomach acid.
  • Vigorous exercise leading to excessive sweating
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • High fever
  • Not drinking adequate water

Symptoms

Dehydration in pregnancy

DEHYDRATION IN PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS

There are several signs and symptoms of dehydration. Some of these include –

  • Higher body temperature
  • Dark yellow urine
  • Feeling of thirst
  • Dry parched mouth
  • Drowsiness
  • Decreased frequency of urination and burning sensation on urination
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness
  • Braxton-Hickscontractions or false labour contractions that are most common in the third trimester

Severe dehydration is a medical emergency and manifests with symptoms such as –

  • Excessively dry mouth, skin, and mucous membranes
  • Extreme thirst or absent thirst
  • Irritability and mental confusion
  • Little or no urine that is dark in colour
  • Rapid and shallow breathing with a rapid heart rate and a weak pulse
  • Sunken eyes
  • Low blood pressure
  • Drowsiness

Diagnosis

Dehydration in pregnancy

DEHYDRATION IN PREGNANCY DIAGNOSIS

Diagnosis of dehydration during pregnancy is made solely based on history and physical examination. Management includes reinstitution of the lost fluids and electrolytes. In mild to moderate dehydration, oral fluids including drinking water and oral rehydration solution (ORS) may be sufficient to correct the fluid and electrolyte loss. In severe cases however treatment includes intravenous fluids.

Management

Dehydration in pregnancy

DEHYDRATION IN PREGNANCY AYURVEDIC TREATMENT

Diet Recommendations (Aahar)

  • Take plenty of water every day.
  • Common recommendation is to take at least eight to 12 glasses daily.
  • Fluids such as coconut water are recommended as they are rich in nutrients as well as maintain hydration.
  • In women with morning sickness plenty of fluids are to be taken when there is no nausea.
  • Caffeine should be avoided because it increases the need to urinate and leads to further fluid loss.
  • Water is ideal, but other fluids that can be taken include milk, natural fruit juices, and soup.

Lifestyle changes (Vihar)

Lifestyle changes recommended to prevent dehydration during pregnancy include

  • Regular exercise but ensuring that exercise is moderate and the woman is adequately hydrated to prevent excessive sweating and fluid loss.
  • Staying indoors/ in cool surroundings/ avoiding sun bathing

FAQS

Dehydration in pregnancy
  1. I am 3 month’s pregnant, what diet I should take according to Ayurveda?

Ayurveda recommends right dietary and lifestyle changes along with herbs to promote a healthy pregnancy.

Dietary advice includes –

  • Eating a healthy balanced diet, lots of fruits, vegetables and adequate diary foods
  • Including whole grains and complex carbohydrates rather than processed foods
  • Routine use of folic acid supplements daily. Foods rich in folic acid include lentils, kidney beans, green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, nuts, and beans.
  • Food should be enriched with all six types of tastes (sweet, pungent, sour, bitter, spicy and astringent)
  • Female with prior history of abortion should avoid brinjal, suran, papaya, celery, onion, chili, garlic, ginger, pepper, mustard, jaggery in diet
  • Those who suffer from constipation, gas, bloating must avoid peas, potato and other heavy to digest cereals. They can take green grams.

During the first trimester Ayurveda emphasizes on nourishing rasa and rakta dhatu, that is blood and blood plasma. This means diet should be rich in juicy fruits, coconut water, herbal infusions (raspberry leaf, nettle, oatstraw). Milk and ghee should be included in diet.

  1. What care do I take for first three months of pregnancy?

According to Ayurveda following lifestyle changes to be made:

  • Include regular exercise and keep fit.
  • Avoid abnormal asanas (positions), avoid sexual intercourse, straining at abdomen, heavy exercise and weight loss programsn
  • Avoid travelling in a vehicle on rough roads, sitting for long hours, lifting heavy objects
  • Avoid negative feelings and thoughts such as sorrow, anger, grief, fear and doubt as these things will affect mental and physical growth of fetus
  • Avoid exposure to unhappy or violent events
  • Avoid sleeping during the day and staying up late in night
  • Do not hold natural urges like holding urine or motion
  1. What can I expect during my 2nd trimester?

The mother’s body changes significantly during second trimester. The discomforting symptoms of the first trimester like morning sickness, fatigue, bloating etc are typically lower during this time. It is sometimes the easiest of the three trimesters of pregnancy. During this time the baby grows rapidly. Some of the maternal changes include

  • Larger breasts. Breast tenderness that was present during the first trimester may be reduced in intensity.
  • Growing uterus leads to a growing belly
  • Starting in the second trimester, there may be a weight gain of about 1.4 to 1.8 kilograms a month until delivery.
  • There may be slight contractions of the uterus wall as it builds strength.
  • Dark patches may appear over the skin. There may be a dark line down the abdomen
  • Stretch marks may also become apparent
  • Nasal and gum problems may appear.
  • Spells of dizziness are common
  • Leg cramps especially in the calf muscles can occur more frequently.
  • Some vaginal discharge is seen
  • Enlarging uterus may press upon the bladder. Bladder and urinary infections are common.
  1. What diet should I take post-delivery?

Ayurveda suggests following diet recommendation post-delivery:

  • Increase intake of foods that include sesame seeds, dry nuts, fenugreek seeds/leaves, garlic, drumsticks & carom seeds to increase milk supply for breastfeeding.
  • Have fresh milk as the first meal of the day to help may help enhance the quality of the breastfeeding milk.
  • Consume and cook vegetables such as beans, squash, carrots, beets, green leafy vegetables and zucchini preferably in ghee.
  • Lentils, cereals and whole grains should be seasoned with whole spices and served hot.
  • Avoid cabbage, potatoes and cauliflower during the first three weeks.
  • Avoid leftover foods, stale and cold foods. 
  1. I am 4 months pregnant and suffer from acidity. What can I do to avoid acidity?

Ayurveda suggests simple diet changes to prevent acidity. Few of them are:

  • Avoid excess greasy or spicy foods
  • Irregular eating habits to be avoided
  • Include more leafy vegetables and Adequate water intake
  • Avoid sleeping just after taking meal.
  • Excessive intake of the caffeine to be avoided. Carbonated drinks are to be avoided
  • The diet should consist of milk with sugar, and a little old rice.
  • Other recommended substances are: barley, wheat, rice (at least one year old), cucumber, bitter gourd, green banana, pumpkin, pomegranate, and cow's milk.
  • Pomegranate juice andpomegranate chutney also help balance the acid in the stomach. It tastes sour, but it is actually both astringent and bitter, which help balance Pitta.
  • Eating small meals more often helps in digestion
  1. I am pregnant and get often constipated. What can I do?

Ayurveda and general medicine recommend a dietary plan for pregnant women with constipation. This includes –

  • Plenty of fluids in diet
  • Adequate amounts of fruits and vegetables
  • Vata and Pitta pacifying diets including warm soupy foods
  • Lightly cooked seasonal vegetables and stewed fruits
  • Inclusion of ghee in diet and large glass of warm water with each meal

Lifestyle suggestions:

  • Light massage with warm sesame oil
  • Regular physical activity can help reduce pregnancy constipation
  • Quitting smoking and alcohol
  • Cutting down on caffeine containing drinks
  • Taking regular and frequent meals
  1. What is dysmenorrhea?

Dysmenorrhoea refers to painful menstruation that is periods with menstrual cramps. These pains are typically throbbing or cramping pains in the lower abdomen. These pains are usually apparent just before and during the menstrual periods in most women who suffer from dysmenorrhea. The pain may range from annoying or a discomfort to severe so that it may be difficult to do you daily routine for few days every month. In some women, the cause of dysmenorrhea may be endometriosis or uterine fibroids while in young girls ovulatory cycles, pin hole and other psychological factors may cause the condition.

In Ayurvedic classics, menstrual pain which is so severe that you cannot do daily activities is termed as dysmenorrhea (Kashtartava). According to Ayurvedic text there are many other diseases in which Kashtartava is considered and is described as a symptom. According to Ayurveda, aggravation of vata and pitta dosha are the main causes of menstrual diseases.

  1. I have endometriosis. Can I exercise during menstruation?

For women with endometriosis, regular rest is important. Women should avoid exercise during menstruation and should keep their exercise relatively moderate throughout the month. In general also, strenuous physical activity, prolonged standing etc may be avoided during periods.

Forms of exercise that regulate the flow of Vata and nourish the nervous system such as walking, swimming, Tai chi, Qigong and some forms of yoga are advisable.

Regularity in daily routine (going to bed and waking up at a similar time each day and regular meal times) is very important for calming aggravated Vata, as is regular self-abhyanga / warm oil massage.

  1. I am not able to conceive since last two years. What could be the reason?

According to Ayurveda, Vandhyatva or Female infertility is a disease of the reproductive system involves the failure to achieve a pregnancy or a live offspring.  Infertility exists when a healthy couple  is unable to achieve pregnancy after  two or more years or  fail  to  conceive  for  several  years  after  the  first delivery.

The causes of infertility may lie in the male partner or in the female partner. Possible causes of male infertility include –

  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Altered quality of sperm that may be low in number or may be unhealthy
  • Blockage of the tube that carries the sperm to the penis from the testes
  • Impotence or erectile dysfunction

The causes of female infertility include –

  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Damage to the fallopian tubes or diseases of the ovaries or womb
  • Fibroids or endometriosis affecting the uterus

Some general causes of infertility include:-

  • Early and Late marriage: Not well development of reproductive organs.
  • Nutrition less & fat rich food: No nourishment of body, tempers ovary function.
  • Tight clothing & mobile: Overheating of testis leads to low sperm count.
  • Smoking & alcoholism: Lowers motility of sperms and lowers LH hormones.
  • Improper hygiene of genital organs: Causes infection of genital tract.
  • Stress: Loss of energy and enthusiasm to do sex.
  • Loss of libido. Affects HPO axis leads to impairment of ovarian function. e to above causes disord

Long term diseases, psychological or environmental factors may cause infertility in both men and women. With age fertility usually declines.

  1. Is menopause a disease?

Menopause is a natural physiological state. It is defined as occurring 12 months after a woman’s last menstrual period and marks the end of menstrual cycles. Menopause can happen in the 40s or 50s. It is a natural biological process that ends the fertility. However it is no reason not to stay healthy and vital.

Ayurveda describes menopause as a normal stage of life that comes with aging. ‘Vata’ increased during the later years of life. Hence symptoms of menopause experienced by some women are similar to the symptoms seen when the Vata dosha rises and upsets the normal balance of the body. Vata-type menopausal symptoms are depression, anxiety, and insomnia (not able to sleep properly). There can be involvement of more than one dosha in menopause. Women with Pitta-type symptoms are often angry and suffer hot flashes. Kapha type symptoms include low mood, weight gain, and feelings of mental and physical heaviness.

 

References

Dehydration in pregnancy
  1. Symptoms of Severe Dehydration during Pregnancy. Accessed on 1st September 2016, downloaded from: http://www.healthline.com/health/pregnancy/dehydration
  2. Dehydration during pregnancy. Accessed on 1st September 2016, downloaded from: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-complications/dehydration-pregnancy/
  3. Garbh sanskar: What to eat during pregnancy. Accessed on 1st September 2016, downloaded from: http://garbhsanskar-dr-chavda-unnati.blogspot.in/2013/04/garbh-sanskar_2635.html

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